• Helen Hodges Bower Interview, February 5, 1965

    Bower, Helen

    Helen Hodges Bower discusses moving to Ravalli in 1909, the homesteaders coming in 1910, her life—going to school, what the winters were like, a few buildings—and what she remembers of her father’s bu…

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  • Clarence "Cy" Young Interview, circa 1965

    Young, Clarence

    Clarence “Cy” Young recalls his experiences with two different horses that he rode at the National Bison Range and compares their temperaments. He describes finding an albino buffalo calf, which the R…

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  • William J. B. “Ike” Melton and Clarence “Cy” Young Interview, circa 1965

    Melton, William J. B, Young, Clarence

    William “Ike” Melton chronicles moving to Montana in 1912 and homesteading on the Flathead Indian Reservation. He discusses how he came to work at the Bison Range and describes the buffalo disposal pr…

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  • Charlie McLaughlin Interview, May 15, 1965

    McLaughlin, Charlie

    Charlie McLaughlin recalls working as one of the first butchers for the National Bison Range in 1924, explaining how bison were culled and processed as well as what was done with some of the meat. He…

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  • Horace M. Albright Interview, June 22, 1979

    Albright, Horace M

    Horace M. Albright recalls visits from Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge to Yellowstone and shares his thoughts on both presidents. He discusses his leadership of the Mid-Century Confer…

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  • Clarence "Cy" Young Interview, circa 1965

    Young, Clarence

    Clarence “Cy” Young discusses changes made to the Fish and Wild Service under the tenure of Harold Ickes. He recalls moving to Eastern Montana in the 1910s when he was a teenager to live with his aunt…

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  • Gladys Young Interview, circa 1965

    Young, Gladys

    Gladys Young answers basic biographical questions and recalls how she met her husband, Clarence “Cy” Young, who was a wrangler on the National Bison Range. She recalls her occupational experience as a…

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  • Bart O'Gara Interview, June 25, 1991

    O'Gara, Bart

    Bart O’Gara discusses how various presidential administrations, including the Carter, Reagan, and Bush administrations, have affected the wildlife biology profession. O’Gara describes the extent of hi…

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  • Clarence "Cy" Young Interview, circa 1965

    Young, Clarence

    Clarence “Cy” Young briefly describes how the National Bison Range came to be located near Ravalli. He discusses Range records about animal populations and recalls his experiences working with bison,…

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  • George Odion Interview, circa 1965

    Odion, George

    George Odion recalls working as a railroad fireman to transport buffalo from the National Bison Range to Canada in 1909. He describes how bison were separated in the railcars by partitions to prevent…

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  • Clarence "Cy" Young Interview, circa 1965

    Young, Clarence

    Clarence “Cy” Young describes how the fences were constructed at the National Bison Range. He talks about working with horses, managing bison, and branding, as well as the general upkeep of the Range…

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  • Frank H. Rose and Clarence “Cy” Young Interview, circa 1965

    Rose, Frank H, Young, Clarence

    Frank Rose recalls how he became foreman at the National Bison Range in the fall of 1923. He explains his rationale for reducing the size of the bison herd discusses the records he kept of the disposa…

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  • Clarence "Cy" Young Interview, November 12, 1965

    Young, Clarence

    Clarence “Cy” Young recounts an experience he had with two poachers on the National Bison Range, and describes the procedure and jury trial leading to their conviction. He tell how in 1932, after the…

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  • Frank H. Rose and Clarence “Cy” Young Interview, circa 1965

    Rose, Frank H, Young, Clarence

    Frank Rose and Clarence “Cy” Young review records of the National Bison Range from the 1920s and 1930s. Rose describes the work he did for the Forest Service prior to becoming director of the Range, a…

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  • Gus Kroll Interview, circa 1965

    Kroll, Gus

    Gus Kroll talks about moving to Montana from Texas and homesteading near Moiese. He describes working on the National Bison Range for director Andrew Hodges. Kroll recalls the communities Dixon and Mo…

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