• Edna Johnson Thomas Interview, circa 1978

    Thomas, Edna

    Edna Johnson Thomas recounts her career as a school teacher in the Bitterroot Valley for 42 years during the early to mid-20th century. She describes the difficulties of being a 19-year-old woman teac…

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  • Frank Fitzgerald Interview, October 4, 1999

    Fitzgerald, Frank

    Frank Fitzgerald talks about his childhood in Garnet, Montana, during the early 20th century when the mines were ceasing production. He recalls how his father, a miner, took many jobs, before the fami…

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  • Margaret Woolaghan Nelson Interview, circa 1978

    Nelson, Margaret

    Margaret Woolaghan Nelson describes her childhood in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1900s. She recalls her family moving to the valley from Butte, Montana, due to her father’s poor h…

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  • Golda Lewis Penner Langley Interview, circa 1978

    Langley, Golda

    Golda Langley discusses her career as a school teacher in rural Montana during the early to mid-20th century. She recalls her students for each year that she taught at different schools throughout Mon…

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  • Catherine White Byrd Interview, circa 1978

    Byrd, Catherine

    Catherine White Byrd discusses her childhood experiences and family life in Hamilton, Montana, in the early 1900s. She remembers attending school in Hamilton as well as the development of Hamilton as…

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  • Edna Johnson Thomas Interview, circa 1978

    Thomas, Edna

    Edna Johnson Thomas recalls her career as a school teacher in the Bitterroot Valley, teaching at Hamilton Heights, Etna School, and Corvallis in the early to mid-20th century. She describes the diffic…

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  • Fern Severns and Sadie Summers Interview, circa 1978

    Severns, Fern, Summers, Sadie

    Fern Severns and Sadie Summers talk about attending the Como School in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1900s. They recall the classmates and teachers who were a part of the school as…

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  • Clark Grey Interview, circa 1978

    Grey, Clark

    Clark Grey discusses his family history and his early education at the Canyon Creek School in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 20th century. He describes how his parents moved from Ana…

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  • Robert N. Phillip Reminiscence, February 1984

    Phillip, Robert N

    In a self-recorded reminiscence, Dr. Robert Philip discusses Rocky Mountain spotted fever and its role in the Bitterroot Valley’s development. He talks about the history of the disease, some of the di…

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  • May Vallance Interview, circa 1978

    Vallance, May

    May Vallance reminisces about attending the Dutch Hill School, also known as the Fairplay School, in Ravalli County, Montana, from 1910 to 1914. She also recalls teaching at the Sleeping Child School…

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  • Joyce Luetta Hickey Redding Interview, February 17, 1978

    Redding, Joyce Luetta

    Joyce Redding discusses what brought her family to Montana in the late 1800s. She recalls her father’s interest in mining took the family to Butte before moving back to the Bitterroot Valley. Redding…

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  • Nick Kramis Interview, circa 1978

    Kramis, Nick

    Nick Kramis describes his early life and education in the Charlos Heights School, a one-room school in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1910s. He recounts the struggles of being a seco…

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  • Jack Crutchfield and Virginia Crutchfield Welton Interview, circa 1978

    Crutchfield, Jack Massie, Welton, Virginia Denoon

    Jack Crutchfield and Virginia Crutchfield Welton talk about the formation of Hamilton, Montana, in the late 1890s and the roles their father, Charles Crutchfield, and Marcus Daly played in planning an…

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  • George Carpenter Interview, July 5, 2005

    Carpenter, George

    George Carpenter discusses his service in the U.S. Air Force during World War Two. He talk about his childhood in Hamilton, Montana, being raised by his grandmother, and what it was like growing up du…

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  • Jeannette Summers Johnson Interview, circa 1978

    Johnson, Jeannette

    Jeannette Summers Johnson discusses her experiences as a schoolgirl in the late 1800s in the Bitterroot Valley as well as her family’s history. She recalls attending the one-room Skalkaho School and r…

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  • George Vogt Interview, September 1984

    Vogt, George

    George Vogt tells how his grandfather emigrated from Bavaria, Germany, to the United States in 1852, spending time in New York City and Michigan, before settling in Sula, Montana. He mentions his gran…

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  • June Hartley Howe Interview, October 1984

    Howe, June

    June Hartley Howe reminisces about her parents moving to Hamilton, Montana, in 1904 and her father’s establishment of the Bitterroot Steam Laundry. She recalls life in early 20th century Hamilton and…

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  • Felsi Boldt Interview, circa 1978

    Boldt, Felsi

    Felsi Boldt describes her parents’ move from Germany to Hamilton in 1899 to homestead in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana. Boldt remembers the logging her father did on their homestead. She recalls atte…

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  • Mabel Maxwell Fullerton Interview, October 1984

    Fullerton, Mabel

    Mabel Fullerton describes her family’s move from Colorado to Montana’s Bitterroot Valley in 1909 when she was 12. She talks about living in Hamilton, Montana, in the early 20th century, reminiscing ab…

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