• Nick Kramis Interview, circa 1978

    Kramis, Nick

    Nick Kramis describes his early life and education in the Charlos Heights School, a one-room school in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1910s. He recounts the struggles of being a seco…

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  • Fern Severns and Sadie Summers Interview, circa 1978

    Severns, Fern, Summers, Sadie

    Fern Severns and Sadie Summers talk about attending the Como School in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1900s. They recall the classmates and teachers who were a part of the school as…

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  • Kathryn Holloron Gibbons and Maxine Holloron Interview, February 17, 1978

    Gibbons, Kathryn, Holloron, Maxine

    Kathryn Gibbons and Maxine Holloron recall their childhood days in the early 1900s in the Corvallis area. They speak about their neighbors and classmates, recounting arguments they would get into with…

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  • Warner Lundberg and Frank Lundberg Interview, June 11, 1999

    Lundberg, Warner, Lundberg, Frank

    Warner Lundberg and his younger brother, Frank, describe homesteading in the Swan Valley in Montana as the children of Swedish immigrants who came to Montana in the early 20th century. The brothers of…

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  • Felsi Boldt Interview, circa 1978

    Boldt, Felsi

    Felsi Boldt describes her parents’ move from Germany to Hamilton in 1899 to homestead in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana. Boldt remembers the logging her father did on their homestead. She recalls atte…

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  • Florence Murray Tubbs Interview, October 24, 1982

    Tubbs, Florence Murray

    Florence Murray Tubbs recalls her family’s experiences in moving to and living in rural Montana in the early 1900s. She describes how her father obtained a homestead near Belt and Raynesford, Montana…

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  • Doris Haasch and Harold Haasch Interview, February 25, 2002

    Haasch, Doris, Haasch, Harold

    Doris Haasch recalls the memories that she documented in diaries since she was 12 years old. She describes her childhood in Woodworth, Montana, attending school and social function there, such as danc…

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  • Tenina Pominville Little Interview, March 10, 1988

    Little, Tenina

    Tenina Pominville Little speaks on her life, recounting stories from her childhood in Eastern Montana on a homestead as well as her married life in Missoula and Frenchtown, Montana, ranching and suppo…

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  • Edna Johnson Thomas Interview, circa 1978

    Thomas, Edna

    Edna Johnson Thomas recounts her career as a school teacher in the Bitterroot Valley for 42 years during the early to mid-20th century. She describes the difficulties of being a 19-year-old woman teac…

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  • Flossie M. Poe Interview, January 20, 1988

    Poe, Flossie M

    Flossie Poe describes traveling in a covered wagon as a young girl with her family to homestead in eastern Montana and, later, Missoula, Montana. She discusses how the drought affected her father’s cr…

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  • Margaret Woolaghan Nelson Interview, circa 1978

    Nelson, Margaret

    Margaret Woolaghan Nelson describes her childhood in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 1900s. She recalls her family moving to the valley from Butte, Montana, due to her father’s poor h…

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  • Anne Keeling Woodruff Interview, circa 1978

    Woodruff, Anne

    Anne Keeling Woodruff describes her experiences attending the Fairplay School in Ravalli County, Montana, during the early 1900s. She briefly discusses her parents’ origins and how they ended up in Mo…

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  • Lucille Wilhelm and Shirley Webb Interview, July 29, 2003

    Wilhelm, Lucille, Webb, Shirley

    Lucille Wilhelm details her childhood in Swan Valley, Montana, describing both the joys and hardships of living in such a secluded place. She discusses attending high school in Missoula, Montana, duri…

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  • Mary Frances Alexander McDorney Interview, October 8, 1985

    McDorney, Mary Frances

    Mary McDorney describes growing up on her family’s homestead in Eastern Montana. She talks about attending Montana State Normal College in Dillon, Montana, to earn her teaching certificate and then te…

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  • Bessie K. Monroe Interview, circa 1978

    Monroe, Bessie K

    Bessie K. Monroe recalls the origins of the Darby School in the Bitterroot Valley in 1888, which was originally housed in a homesteader’s cabin. She talks about the first teachers at the school as wel…

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  • Ann Nelson Interview, April 10, 1988

    Nelson, Ann

    Ann Nelson discusses growing up in the Rattlesnake area of Missoula, Montana, on a 50-acre homestead during the early 20th century. She describes her education at the Prescott School and at the Lincol…

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  • Clark Grey Interview, circa 1978

    Grey, Clark

    Clark Grey discusses his family history and his early education at the Canyon Creek School in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the early 20th century. He describes how his parents moved from Ana…

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  • Karen Conley and E. Dale Conley Interview, December 6, 2001

    Conley, Karen, Conley, E. Dale

    Karen Conley recalls childhood memories of living in Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, before her family moved to the Swan Valley, area of Montana. She describes boarding in Missoula, Montana, with her sister so…

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  • Bill Ralston and Robert House Interview, circa 1978

    Ralston, Bill, House, Robert

    Bill Ralston and Robert House recount their time attending Baker Creek School in the Bitterroot Valley, Montana, during the mid-20th century. House notes that both his mother and father taught at the…

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